Given cash, low- and middle-income parents increased spending on their children's education, according to a nearly twenty-year research study done on recipients of the Alaska Permanent Fund. Financed by state oil revenues, the funds are equivalent to a universal basic income. Payments average around $1,812 per person per year. “The data suggests that lower-income parents are responsible using cash payments, so we don’t need to be so afraid to give poor people money that can help their families,” Amorim said. Most low-income people used the funds to catch up on bills and repairs, going against the common misconception that low-income residents will misuse monetary aid.