After learning about the benefits of nonviolent protest, Erica Chenoweth, a political scientist at Harvard University, conducted a study of violent protests and nonviolent protests, comparing their success rate. After looking at hundreds of protests across the world, Chenoweth found that protests are twice as likely to succeed if they are nonviolent and that around 3.5% of the population must participate to create serious change. Chenoweth said, "There weren't any campaigns that had failed after they had achieved 3.5% participation during a peak event. Successful revolutions that were nonviolent and reached the 3.5% threshold include those in Estonia, Georgia, the Philippines and dozens more.

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